Lachit Borphukan

Lachit Borphukan the son of Momai Tamuli Borbarua and Kunti Moran, was born in Charaideo to a Tai Ahom family, the first Borbarua (Phu-Ke-Lung) of upper-Assam and Commander-in-Chief of the Ahom army.

* Lachit Borphukan studied Humanities, indigenous scriptures and military skills.

* He earned the responsibility of serving as the Soladhara Barua (scarf-bearer) of the Ahom Swargadeo, this was equivalent to a Private Secretary. This was regarded as the first step for a career as a diplomat or politician.

* Before his appointment as Borphukan, positions held by Lachit are as under Superintendent of the Royal Stable Horses (Ghora Barua), Strategic Commander of the Simulgarh Fort Head of the Royal Household Guards (Dolakaxaria Barua) for King Chakradhwaj Singha.

* King Chakradhwaj Singha appointed Lachit Borphukan to lead the forces of the Kingdom of Ahom for liberation of Guwahati from Mughals.

* A gold-hafted sword (Hengdang) and the customary paraphernalia were presented by the king to lachit.

* Lachit raised the army and completed by summer of 1667.

* During the Battle of Saraighat, Lachit recovered and successfully defended it against the Mughal forces.

* In Battle of Saraighat Ram Singh I led the Mughal Army of 30,000 infantry, 15,000 archers, 18,000 Turkish cavalry, and 5,000 gunners along with over 1000 cannons besides a large number of boats.

* Mughals failed to make any advance against the Assamese army during the war and played a trick by planting a letter by Ram Singh I saying that Lachit has been bribed and paid rupees one lakh and he should evacuate Guwahati. This letter reached the Ahom king, Chakradhwaj Singha, his prime minister Atan Buragohain convinced the King that this was just a trick against Lachit.

* During final stages of the Battle of Saraighat, the Assamese soldiers began to lose their will to fight. Some retreated. Though Lachit was seriously ill. He motivated his army with personal example and advanced against the Mughal fleet. His soldiers rallied and a desperate battle ensured.

* Lachit Borphukan was victorious.

* The Mughals were forced to retreat from battlefield.

* Ram Singh I who was leading the Mughal army, was gracious in acknowledging the victory of the Ahom soldiers and their Commander-in-chief Lachit Barphukan.

* Lachit Divas (24 November) is celebrated as the victory day of the Assamese army and heroism of Lachit Borphukan at the Battle of Saraighat.

* Lachit bust at National Defense Academy

* Lachit Borphukan Gold Medal is given to best passing out cadet of National Defence Academy, is conferred the every year.

* Mahabir Lachit Award This award is presented to the notable personalities of Assam by Tai Ahom Yuva Parishad. This award includes cash amount of ₹50,000.00, a citation and a traditional sword.

* Lachit Borphukan’s Maidam was constructed in 1672 at Jorhat, Assam. Last remains of Borphukan are laid under this tomb (Maidam).